Online Coins of the Roman Empire

The Online Coins of the Roman Empire website appears to be an interesting resource that provides some background information for the Roman world inhabited by the NT authors. Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE), a joint project of the American Numismatic Society and the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World at New…

Commentary on Numbers 2

Notes (NET Translation) Chapter 2 specifies the arrangement of the Israelite camp as it travels through the wilderness. 1 The LORD spoke to Moses and to Aaron: 2 “Every one of the Israelites must camp under his standard with the emblems of his family; they must camp at some distance around the tent of meeting.…

Commentary on Numbers 1

Notes (NET Translation) 1 Now the LORD spoke to Moses in the tent of meeting in the wilderness of Sinai on the first day of the second month of the second year after the Israelites departed from the land of Egypt. He said: By way of reminder, the divine name YHWH (Yahweh) (Ex 3:12-18; 6:1-8)…

Introduction: Numbers

Title The book of Numbers is the fourth book of the Bible. The English title comes from the Latin Vulgate (Numeri) and the Greek Septuagint (Arithmoi). This title was presumably chosen because of the censuses and other numerical data in the book (chs. 1-4, 26). The oldest Hebrew title is “the Fifth (of the Torah…

Commentary on Romans 16:25-27

Notes (NET Translation) 25 Now to him who is able to strengthen you according to my gospel and the proclamation of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery that had been kept secret for long ages, Verses 25-27 are one long incomplete sentence. The strengthening envisioned is the ability to resist temptations and…

Commentary on Romans 16:21-23

Notes (NET Translation) 21 Timothy, my fellow worker, greets you; so do Lucius, Jason, and Sosipater, my compatriots. Those mentioned in verses 21-23 are in Corinth with Paul. Timothy is one of Paul’s chief coworkers. Lucius might be Lucius the Cyrene, a prophet/teacher at Syrian Antioch (Acts 13:1-3), or Luke the physician (Col 4:14; 2…

Commentary on Romans 16:17-20

Notes (NET Translation) 17 Now I urge you, brothers and sisters, to watch out for those who create dissensions and obstacles contrary to the teaching that you learned. Avoid them! It is not clear whether Paul had in mind specific individuals causing dissensions or whether he was giving a general warning about the kind of…