Date of the Letters of John

If the Letters of John were composed after the Gospel of John then the date of composition of the Gospel of John provides the earliest possible date for the composition of the Letters of John. The Gospel of John is usually dated to about 90, but earlier dates are also argued for. If the Letters … Continue reading Date of the Letters of John

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Authorship of the Letters of John

Introduction Tradition ascribes authorship of the Letters of John to the apostle John, son of Zebedee and brother of James. Tradition also credits him with writing the Gospel of John and Revelation. Internal Evidence Anonymous? Technically the letters of John are anonymous, meaning the author does not provide his personal name within the body of … Continue reading Authorship of the Letters of John

Relationship Between the Letters of John and Revelation

While not mentioned as frequently as the relationship between the Letters of John and the Gospel of John, it is important to inquire as to the relationship between the Letters of John and Revelation. Robert Yarbrough makes the following comments: The situation presupposed by Rev. 2:1-7 conceivably resonates with John's Letters in several ways. Jesus … Continue reading Relationship Between the Letters of John and Revelation

Relationship Between the Letters of John and the Gospel of John

Similarities Between the Gospel of John and the Letters of John There are numerous similarities between the Gospel of John and the Letters of John. These similarities are all the more remarkable because of the different genre of the Gospel and the Letters. A preference for the perfect tense. Language and themes of prologues overlap: … Continue reading Relationship Between the Letters of John and the Gospel of John

Relationship Between the Letters of John

Introduction This post examines the relationship of the three Johannine Letters to each other. Were they written by the same author? What order were the letters written in? Relationship Between 2 and 3 John 2 and 3 John share many similarities despite their short length: The author identifies himself as "the elder" (2 Jn 1:1; … Continue reading Relationship Between the Letters of John

Setting and Purpose of the Letters of John

1 John 1 John was written to address a situation brought about by a schism in a Christian community (1 Jn 2:19). The sense of the verb exerchesthai in 1 Jn 2:19 is usually taken to mean that a group separated itself from the author's group by its own will (as opposed to being expelled). … Continue reading Setting and Purpose of the Letters of John

Genre of the Letters of John

2 and 3 John The literary genre of 2 and 3 John is clearly the letter in the Greco-Roman form. Both documents contain common features of letters: named addressee or author (2Jn 1:1; 3Jn 1:1), greeting or prayer (2Jn 1:3; 3Jn 1:2), thanksgiving (2Jn 1:4; 3Jn 1:3-4), and closing greeting to others (2Jn 1:12-13; 3Jn … Continue reading Genre of the Letters of John