The (Proto-)Masoretic Text: A Ten-Part Series by Emanuel Tov

The (Proto-)Masoretic Text: A Ten-Part Series by Emanuel Tov Part 1: The Bible and the Masoretic Text The First Century C.E. The Medieval Masoretic Text The Masoretes and the Codices The Contents of MT The consonantal framework Para-textual elements Vocalization Accentuation The Masorah Part 2: Judean Desert Texts Outside Qumran Examples of Surviving Proto-MT Texts … Continue reading The (Proto-)Masoretic Text: A Ten-Part Series by Emanuel Tov


Commentary on Numbers 35

Notes (NET Translation) 1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses in the Moabite plains by the Jordan near Jericho. He said: 2 "Instruct the Israelites to give the Levites towns to live in from the inheritance the Israelites will possess. You must also give the Levites grazing land around the towns. This passage avoids saying … Continue reading Commentary on Numbers 35

Science. It Works. #9

Scientific peer review: an ineffective and unworthy institution by Les Hatton and Gregory Warr Given the entirely appropriate degree of respect that science has for data, the ongoing discussion of peer review is often surprisingly data-free and underlain by the implicit assumption that peer review – although in need of improvement – is indispensable. The … Continue reading Science. It Works. #9

Commentary on Numbers 34

Notes (NET Translation) 1 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 2 "Give these instructions to the Israelites, and tell them: 'When you enter Canaan, the land that has been assigned to you as an inheritance, the land of Canaan with its borders, 3 your southern border will extend from the wilderness of Zin along the … Continue reading Commentary on Numbers 34

Commentary on Numbers 33:50-56

Notes (NET Translation) 50 The LORD spoke to Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan, across from Jericho. He said: Jericho is the place where the conquest would begin. 51 "Speak to the Israelites and tell them, 'When you have crossed the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 52 you must drive out … Continue reading Commentary on Numbers 33:50-56

Commentary on Numbers 33:1-49

Notes (NET Translation) Forty-two stations and forty-one legs are recorded in Numbers 33:1-49. Verses 3-18 contain geographical material for the narrative from Exodus 12 to Numbers 12. Verses 18-30 and 34-36 do not have parallels in Numbers. Verses 31-33 appear to echo Deuteronomy 10:6-7. Verses 37-49 contain parallels in Numbers 20-22. A number of places … Continue reading Commentary on Numbers 33:1-49

Commentary on Numbers 32

Notes (NET Translation) 1 Now the Reubenites and the Gadites possessed a very large number of cattle. When they saw that the lands of Jazer and Gilead were ideal for cattle, 2 the Gadites and the Reubenites came and addressed Moses, Eleazar the priest, and the leaders of the community. They said, 3 "Ataroth, Dibon, … Continue reading Commentary on Numbers 32