Commentary on Numbers 21:21-35

Notes (NET Translation) 21 Then Israel sent messengers to King Sihon of the Amorites, saying, 22 “Let us pass through your land; we will not turn aside into the fields or into the vineyards, nor will we drink water from any well, but we will go along the King’s Highway until we pass your borders.”…

Commentary on Numbers 21:10-20

Notes (NET Translation) 10 The Israelites traveled on and camped in Oboth. Num 33:41-44 says intermediate stops were made at Zalmonah and Punon before reaching Oboth. 11 Then they traveled on from Oboth and camped at Iye Abarim, in the wilderness that is before Moab, on the eastern side. Baruch Levine believes the Zered Valley…

Commentary on Numbers 21:4-9

Notes (NET Translation) 4 Then they traveled from Mount Hor by the road to the Red Sea, to go around the land of Edom, but the people became impatient along the way. People argue that the sea that splits in Exodus 14 is not the Red Sea but rather the “Reed Sea,” an otherwise unknown…

Commentary on Numbers 21:1-3

Notes (NET Translation) 1 When the Canaanite king of Arad who lived in the Negev heard that Israel was approaching along the road to Atharim, he fought against Israel and took some of them prisoner. According to Jacob Milgrom, the Hebrew indicates this king was a ruler in the Negev, not necessarily the only ruler…

Commentary on Numbers 20:22-29

Notes (NET Translation) 22 So the entire company of Israelites traveled from Kadesh and came to Mount Hor. The Hebrew literally says, “Hor, the mountain”. Its location is unknown. 23 And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in Mount Hor, by the border of the land of Edom. He said: 24 “Aaron will be…

Commentary on Numbers 20:14-21

Notes (NET Translation) 14 Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom: “Thus says your brother Israel: ‘You know all the hardships we have experienced, 15 how our ancestors went down into Egypt, and we lived in Egypt a long time, and the Egyptians treated us and our ancestors badly. Verse 14 does…

Commentary on Numbers 20:1-13

Notes (NET Translation) 1 Then the entire community of Israel entered the wilderness of Zin in the first month, and the people stayed in Kadesh. Miriam died and was buried there. The Israelites are in the northeast Sinai. The year of Miriam’s death is not given. According to Num 33:36-38, the death of Aaron, which…