Review of Chapter 7 of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

Introduction Wenham’s argument in this chapter can be outlined as follows: By the year 57 the church in Rome was famous and had been in contact with the apostle Paul for a number of years. Well-grounded tradition says this church was founded by the apostle Peter in the second year of the reign of Claudius.…

Authorship and Date of 2 Peter and Jude

Relationship Between 2 Peter and Jude The authorship and date of 2 Peter and Jude are treated in one post because there is a literary relationship between the two letters. In a number of verses the epistles have remarkable parallels, especially in the Greek (Davids 136-141; Schreiner 415-417): Jude 4: “For certain men have secretly…

Commentary on 2 Peter 1:1-2

Notes (NET Translation) 1:1 From Simeon Peter, a slave and apostle of Jesus Christ, to those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior, Jesus Christ, have been granted a faith just as precious as ours. The author identifies himself as Jesus’ famous disciple Simon Peter (Symeon Petros). He is both a slave (doulos)…

Authorship, Date, and Provenance of 1 Peter

Introduction In the case of 1 Peter the issues of authorship, date, and provenance are inter-related. A decision on one item can influence one’s decision on another item. The traditional view is that the apostle Peter wrote the epistle in Rome prior to his martyrdom, which occured around AD 65 (Tertullian, Scorp. 15; Origen in…

Commentary on 1 Peter 1:1-2

Last updated: April 16, 2011 Notes (ESV translation) 1:1a Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, Jesus gave Simon the name Peter (Aramaic Kepa, Greek Petros), which means “rock” or “stone” (Mt 10:2; 16:18; Mk 3:16; Lk 6:14; Jn 1:42). According to John H. Elliott, in neither Aramaic nor Greek was the word a normal personal…