Roman Libraries and Gospel Anonymity

George W. Houston’s Inside Roman Libraries: Book Collections and Their Management in Antiquity (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2014) provides some information that may be relevant to the authorship of the Gospels. Scholars often claim the Gospels were originally anonymous and the names assigned to them (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) were given…

Introduction: Numbers

Title The book of Numbers is the fourth book of the Bible. The English title comes from the Latin Vulgate (Numeri) and the Greek Septuagint (Arithmoi). This title was presumably chosen because of the censuses and other numerical data in the book (chs. 1-4, 26). The oldest Hebrew title is “the Fifth (of the Torah…

Book Recommendation: The Case for Jesus by Brant Pitre

The Case for Jesus: The Biblical and Historical Evidence for Christ by Brant Pitre is an excellent introductory-intermediate text for budding apologists. It’s primary focus is on whether Jesus claimed to be/is God. 5/5 stars. The task begins by addressing the nature of the canonical gospels, the primary sources for the life of Jesus. Chapters…

Introduction: Letter to the Romans

Overview Author: Paul Date: AD 55-57 Provenance: Corinth Recipients: Christians in Rome Significance Romans is the longest extant Pauline epistle and the most complete exposition of the Pauline gospel. The expository argument . . . of Romans has played an immeasurable role in the centuries since, most especially in two ways: first, in helping to…

Revelation

Authorship The author identifies himself as John (1:1, 4, 9; 22:8). He does not identify himself as an apostle but rather calls himself a servant (1:1; 19:10) and a prophet (1:3; 22:7, 9, 18-19). He received his revelation on the island of Patmos (1:9) and wrote to communities in the Roman province of Asia (1:4).…

Authorship and Date of 2 Peter and Jude

Relationship Between 2 Peter and Jude The authorship and date of 2 Peter and Jude are treated in one post because there is a literary relationship between the two letters. In a number of verses the epistles have remarkable parallels, especially in the Greek (Davids 136-141; Schreiner 415-417): Jude 4: “For certain men have secretly…

Authorship, Date, and Provenance of 1 Peter

Introduction In the case of 1 Peter the issues of authorship, date, and provenance are inter-related. A decision on one item can influence one’s decision on another item. The traditional view is that the apostle Peter wrote the epistle in Rome prior to his martyrdom, which occured around AD 65 (Tertullian, Scorp. 15; Origen in…