The (Proto-)Masoretic Text: A Ten-Part Series by Emanuel Tov

The (Proto-)Masoretic Text: A Ten-Part Series by Emanuel Tov Part 1: The Bible and the Masoretic Text The First Century C.E. The Medieval Masoretic Text The Masoretes and the Codices The Contents of MT The consonantal framework Para-textual elements Vocalization Accentuation The Masorah Part 2: Judean Desert Texts Outside Qumran Examples of Surviving Proto-MT Texts … Continue reading The (Proto-)Masoretic Text: A Ten-Part Series by Emanuel Tov


Introduction: Numbers

Title The book of Numbers is the fourth book of the Bible. The English title comes from the Latin Vulgate (Numeri) and the Greek Septuagint (Arithmoi). This title was presumably chosen because of the censuses and other numerical data in the book (chs. 1-4, 26). The oldest Hebrew title is "the Fifth (of the Torah … Continue reading Introduction: Numbers

Introduction: Letter to the Romans

Overview Author: Paul Date: AD 55-57 Provenance: Corinth Recipients: Christians in Rome Significance Romans is the longest extant Pauline epistle and the most complete exposition of the Pauline gospel. The expository argument . . . of Romans has played an immeasurable role in the centuries since, most especially in two ways: first, in helping to … Continue reading Introduction: Letter to the Romans

Review of Chapter 4 of The End of Christianity

In chapter 4 of The End of Christianity, Hector Avalos argues that we should end biblical studies as we know them. He has two main points: (1) the Bible is the product of a culture whose values and beliefs are no longer relevant to even most Christians and Jews; and (2) despite this irrelevance, the … Continue reading Review of Chapter 4 of The End of Christianity