Commentary on Eusebius’ Ecclesiastical History 3.39

Text In H.E. 3.39, Eusebius of Caesarea provides both information about Papias and quotations from Papias: (1) There are extant five books of Papias, which bear the title Expositions of Oracles of the Lord. Irenaeus makes mention of these as the only works written by him, in the following words: "These things are attested by … Continue reading Commentary on Eusebius’ Ecclesiastical History 3.39

Relationship Between the Letters of John and Revelation

While not mentioned as frequently as the relationship between the Letters of John and the Gospel of John, it is important to inquire as to the relationship between the Letters of John and Revelation. Robert Yarbrough makes the following comments: The situation presupposed by Rev. 2:1-7 conceivably resonates with John's Letters in several ways. Jesus … Continue reading Relationship Between the Letters of John and Revelation


Authorship The author identifies himself as John (1:1, 4, 9; 22:8). He does not identify himself as an apostle but rather calls himself a servant (1:1; 19:10) and a prophet (1:3; 22:7, 9, 18-19). He received his revelation on the island of Patmos (1:9) and wrote to communities in the Roman province of Asia (1:4). … Continue reading Revelation

Commentary on Revelation 22:6-21

Notes (NET Translation) The epilogue of the book parallels the prologue: the revelation is to show his servants what must happen soon (1:1; 22:6) the revelation is authenticated as from God (1:1; 22:6) those who obey will be blessed (1:3; 22:7) the book contains words of prophecy (1:3; 22:7,10) the imminent coming of Christ (1:3, … Continue reading Commentary on Revelation 22:6-21

Commentary on Revelation 22:1-5

Notes (NET Translation) 1 Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life – water as clear as crystal – pouring out from the throne of God and of the Lamb, 2 flowing down the middle of the city’s main street. On each side of the river is the tree of life … Continue reading Commentary on Revelation 22:1-5

Commentary on Revelation 21:9-27

Notes (NET Translation) 9 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven final plagues came and spoke to me, saying, “Come, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb!” The seven bowl plagues were unleashed in ch. 16. The similar wording between 17:1 and 21:9 … Continue reading Commentary on Revelation 21:9-27

Commentary on Revelation 21:1-8

Introduction Rev. 21:1-8 presumably follows the events of 20:11-15. In 20:11 heaven and earth fled from God's presence to make way for a new heaven and a new earth which are realized in 21:1. In the final two chapters of the book the perfected believers can be contrasted with the imperfect believers of chs. 2-3 … Continue reading Commentary on Revelation 21:1-8