Revelation

Authorship The author identifies himself as John (1:1, 4, 9; 22:8). He does not identify himself as an apostle but rather calls himself a servant (1:1; 19:10) and a prophet (1:3; 22:7, 9, 18-19). He received his revelation on the island of Patmos (1:9) and wrote to communities in the Roman province of Asia (1:4).…

Commentary on Revelation 22:6-21

Notes (NET Translation) The epilogue of the book parallels the prologue: the revelation is to show his servants what must happen soon (1:1; 22:6) the revelation is authenticated as from God (1:1; 22:6) those who obey will be blessed (1:3; 22:7) the book contains words of prophecy (1:3; 22:7,10) the imminent coming of Christ (1:3,…

Commentary on Revelation 22:1-5

Notes (NET Translation) 1 Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life – water as clear as crystal – pouring out from the throne of God and of the Lamb, 2 flowing down the middle of the city’s main street. On each side of the river is the tree of life…

Commentary on Revelation 21:9-27

Notes (NET Translation) 9 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven final plagues came and spoke to me, saying, “Come, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb!” The seven bowl plagues were unleashed in ch. 16. The similar wording between 17:1 and 21:9…

Commentary on Revelation 21:1-8

Introduction Rev. 21:1-8 presumably follows the events of 20:11-15. In 20:11 heaven and earth fled from God’s presence to make way for a new heaven and a new earth which are realized in 21:1. In the final two chapters of the book the perfected believers can be contrasted with the imperfect believers of chs. 2-3…

Commentary on Revelation 20

Introduction How this scene is to be understood is hotly disputed. In particular, there is disagreement on how to understand the thousand year reign of Christ, known as the millennium. Premillennialism holds that Christ will return to earth, destroy the forces of evil, and reign on earth for a thousand years. This period will end…

Commentary on Revelation 19:11-21

Notes (NET Translation) 11 Then I saw heaven opened and here came a white horse! The one riding it was called “Faithful” and “True,” and with justice he judges and goes to war. In 6:1-2 a conqueror rode out on a white horse. This rider is a different conqueror, Christ. The names “Faithful” and “True”…