Commentary on Numbers 13:17-33

Notes (NET Translation) 17 When Moses sent them to investigate the land of Canaan, he told them, “Go up through the Negev, and then go up into the hill country 18 and see what the land is like, and whether the people who live in it are strong or weak, few or many, 19 and…

Commentary on Numbers 13:1-16

Notes (NET Translation) 1 The LORD spoke to Moses: If one takes into account the parallel passage in Deut 1:19–46, the idea of sending scouts originated with the people as they were situated on the southern edge of the Amorite hill country. The idea seemed good to Moses, and the Lord then laid out the instructions…

Commentary on Numbers 12

Notes (NET Translation) 1 Then Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Cushite woman he had married (for he had married an Ethiopian woman). Miriam and Aaron are Moses’s sister and brother, respectively. Since this section begins with the feminine singular form of the verb va-tedabber it means Miriam is the leader in…

Commentary on Numbers 11:4-35

Notes (NET Translation) 4 Now the mixed multitude who were among them craved more desirable foods, and so the Israelites wept again and said, “If only we had meat to eat! 5 We remember the fish we used to eat freely in Egypt, the cucumbers, the melons, the leeks, the onions, and the garlic. 6…

Commentary on Numbers 11:1-3

Notes (NET Translation) This short section of three verses contains all of the essential elements of all the subsequent narratives describing Israel’s complaints: complaint (11:4–5; 12:1–2; 14:1–4; 17:6–7; 20:3–5; 21:5), divine punishment (11:33; 12:9–10; 14:20–37; 16:32; 17:11; 21:7), and immortalizing the incident by giving a name to the site (11:34; 20:13; 21:3; Exod. 15:23; 17:7).1…

Commentary on Numbers 10:11-36

Notes (NET Translation) 11 On the twentieth day of the second month, in the second year, the cloud was taken up from the tabernacle of the testimony. 12 So the Israelites set out on their journeys from the wilderness of Sinai; and the cloud settled in the wilderness of Paran. 13 This was the first…

Commentary on Numbers 10:1-10

Notes (NET Translation) 1 The LORD spoke to Moses: 2 “Make two trumpets of silver; you are to make them from a single hammered piece. You will use them for assembling the community and for directing the traveling of the camps. Although the commentators make some similar comments, it may be worthwhile to quote them…