Commentary on Numbers 11:1-3

Notes (NET Translation) This short section of three verses contains all of the essential elements of all the subsequent narratives describing Israel’s complaints: complaint (11:4–5; 12:1–2; 14:1–4; 17:6–7; 20:3–5; 21:5), divine punishment (11:33; 12:9–10; 14:20–37; 16:32; 17:11; 21:7), and immortalizing the incident by giving a name to the site (11:34; 20:13; 21:3; Exod. 15:23; 17:7).1…

Commentary on Numbers 10:11-36

Notes (NET Translation) 11 On the twentieth day of the second month, in the second year, the cloud was taken up from the tabernacle of the testimony. 12 So the Israelites set out on their journeys from the wilderness of Sinai; and the cloud settled in the wilderness of Paran. 13 This was the first…

Commentary on Numbers 10:1-10

Notes (NET Translation) 1 The LORD spoke to Moses: 2 “Make two trumpets of silver; you are to make them from a single hammered piece. You will use them for assembling the community and for directing the traveling of the camps. Although the commentators make some similar comments, it may be worthwhile to quote them…

Commentary on Numbers 9:15-24

Notes (NET Translation) 15 On the day that the tabernacle was set up, the cloud covered the tabernacle — the tent of the testimony — and from evening until morning there was a fiery appearance over the tabernacle. 16 This is the way it used to be continually: The cloud would cover it by day,…

Commentary on Numbers 9:1-14

Notes (NET Translation) 1 The LORD spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt: 2 “The Israelites are to observe the Passover at its appointed time. 3 In the fourteenth day of this month, at twilight, you…

Commentary on Numbers 8:5-26

Notes (NET Translation) 5 Then the LORD spoke to Moses: Chapter 3 reports the census of the Levites, chapter 4 their various tasks in dismantling and transporting the tabernacle, chapter 7 the gift of oxen and carts for its transport, and at last the ceremony in which they were dedicated to their role as guardians…

Commentary on Numbers 8:1-4

Notes (NET Translation) 1 The LORD spoke to Moses: The placement of this passage in the present cycle sequence serves two purposes. (1) Since in chap. 7 the heads of the twelve tribes bring offerings for the tabernacle celebration, in chap. 8 the head of the tribe of Levi is provided instruction for the proper…