Review of Chapter 12 of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

Introduction In this final chapter Wenham argues for the dates of the Synoptic Gospels. He believes Luke was written before 55, that Mark was written around 45, and that Matthew was written in about 40. Before or After AD 70? Jerusalem and its temple were destroyed by the Romans in 70. All three Synoptic Gospels …

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Review of Chapter 5 of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

This chapter pertains to the ancient testimony to Matthew's gospel. According to Wenham, the testimony of the early church fathers is unanimous in holding that: the apostle Matthew/Levi, a tax collector and member of the Twelve, is the author; his was the first gospel to be written; and he wrote for Hebrews in the Hebrew …

Review of Chapter 4 of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

In this chapter Wenham argues that Matthew's relationship to Mark can be explained on the lines of the patristic tradition. The patristic tradition holds that: The apostle Matthew was the first to write a gospel and that he did so in the Hebrew language for Hebrew readers. The Gospel of Mark was the second gospel …

Review of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

Biblical scholar John Wenham considers himself an amateur concerning the synoptic problem. Nonetheless, he believed it worthwhile to write down his thoughts on the synoptic problem in Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke: A Fresh Assault on the Synoptic Problem. He considers both internal and external evidence. The dating of the Synoptic Gospels plays a significant …

A Summary of Chapter 9 of Richard Bauckham’s Jesus and the Eyewitnesses

9. Papias on Mark and Matthew Eusebius preserves some information from Papias of Hierapolis regarding the origin of the Gospels of Mark and Matthew (Hist. Eccl. 3.39.14-16): We must now add to his [Papias's] statements quoted above about Mark, the author of the Gospel, which has been set forth in these words: The Elder used …

A Summary of Richard Bauckham’s Jesus and the Eyewitnesses

This post serves as a table of contents to future posts summarizing the individual chapters of Richard Bauckham's Jesus and the Eyewitnesses:  The Gospels as Eyewitness Testimony: Bauckham, Richard,  Jesus and the Eyewitnesses:  The Gospels as Eyewitness Testimony.  Grand Rapids:  William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2006. The book's argument is that the four canonical Gospels …