The Anti-Marcionite Prologues to the Gospels

Introduction The Anti-Marcionite Prologues to the Gospels are short prefixes to the gospels of Mark, Luke, and John. If there ever was a prefix to the gospel of Matthew it has been lost. The prologues are so named because they were once thought by Donatien de Bruyne to have an anti-Marcion sentiment. In fact, only …

Review of Chapter 12 of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

Introduction In this final chapter Wenham argues for the dates of the Synoptic Gospels. He believes Luke was written before 55, that Mark was written around 45, and that Matthew was written in about 40. Before or After AD 70? Jerusalem and its temple were destroyed by the Romans in 70. All three Synoptic Gospels …

Review of Chapter 8 of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

In this chapter Wenham finishes up going over the evidence pertaining to Mark's gospel. The first piece of additional evidence is the tradition of the Alexandrian church which makes Mark the founder of that church: Eusebius, HE 2.16: "And they say that this Mark was the first that was sent to Egypt, and that he …

Review of Chapter 6 of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

In this chapter Wenham will look at ancient testimonies concerning the Gospel of Mark. There is a solid core to the tradition that links Mark to Peter's teaching in Rome. As was the case with Matthew, we start with Papias (Eusebius, HE 3.39.14-15): But now we must add to the words of his [Papias] which …

Review of Chapter 4 of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

In this chapter Wenham argues that Matthew's relationship to Mark can be explained on the lines of the patristic tradition. The patristic tradition holds that: The apostle Matthew was the first to write a gospel and that he did so in the Hebrew language for Hebrew readers. The Gospel of Mark was the second gospel …

Review of Chapter 2 of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

In chapters 2-4, Wenham attempts to establish the following steps of his argument: Luke knew Mark's gospel. 52 passages shared by Luke and Mark have a common oral origin or some direct literary dependence. 14 other passages cover the same ground but do not show evidence of a common origin. Luke keeps to the sense …

Review of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

Biblical scholar John Wenham considers himself an amateur concerning the synoptic problem. Nonetheless, he believed it worthwhile to write down his thoughts on the synoptic problem in Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke: A Fresh Assault on the Synoptic Problem. He considers both internal and external evidence. The dating of the Synoptic Gospels plays a significant …