The Anti-Marcionite Prologues to the Gospels

Introduction The Anti-Marcionite Prologues to the Gospels are short prefixes to the gospels of Mark, Luke, and John. If there ever was a prefix to the gospel of Matthew it has been lost. The prologues are so named because they were once thought by Donatien de Bruyne to have an anti-Marcion sentiment. In fact, only …

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Review of Chapter 12 of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

Introduction In this final chapter Wenham argues for the dates of the Synoptic Gospels. He believes Luke was written before 55, that Mark was written around 45, and that Matthew was written in about 40. Before or After AD 70? Jerusalem and its temple were destroyed by the Romans in 70. All three Synoptic Gospels …

Review of Chapter 9 of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

Chapter 9 concerns ancient testimony about Luke. Wenham focuses on the identity of the author and when it was written in the sequence of gospels. The early Christian writers are unanimous in attributing the gospel to Luke and usually make clear he was a companion of Paul: Irenaeus, Adv. Haer. 3.1.1: "Luke also, the companion …

Review of Chapter 2 of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

In chapters 2-4, Wenham attempts to establish the following steps of his argument: Luke knew Mark's gospel. 52 passages shared by Luke and Mark have a common oral origin or some direct literary dependence. 14 other passages cover the same ground but do not show evidence of a common origin. Luke keeps to the sense …

Review of Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke

Biblical scholar John Wenham considers himself an amateur concerning the synoptic problem. Nonetheless, he believed it worthwhile to write down his thoughts on the synoptic problem in Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke: A Fresh Assault on the Synoptic Problem. He considers both internal and external evidence. The dating of the Synoptic Gospels plays a significant …

Commentary on Luke 22:35-38

35 Καὶ εἶπεν αὐτοῖς· ὅτε ἀπέστειλα ὑμᾶς ἄτερ βαλλαντίου καὶ πήρας καὶ ὑποδημάτων, μή τινος ὑστερήσατε; οἱ δὲ εἶπαν· οὐθενός. 36 εἶπεν δὲ αὐτοῖς· ἀλλὰ νῦν ὁ ἔχων βαλλάντιον ἀράτω, ὁμοίως καὶ πήραν, καὶ ὁ μὴ ἔχων πωλησάτω τὸ ἱμάτιον αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀγορασάτω μάχαιραν. 37 λέγω γὰρ ὑμῖν ὅτι τοῦτο τὸ γεγραμμένον δεῖ τελεσθῆναι ἐν …

A Summary of Chapter 6 of Richard Bauckham’s Jesus and the Eyewitnesses

6. Eyewitnesses "from the Beginning" "From the Beginning" According to Bauckham, if the Gospels embody eyewitness testimonies then at least some of the eyewitnesses must have been able to testify to the whole story of Jesus, the story beginning with John the Baptist and ending with the resurrection appearances.  In Acts 1:21-22, Peter says that …