Commentary on Esther 9-10

Notes (NET Translation) 9:1 In the twelfth month (that is, the month of Adar), on its thirteenth day, the edict of the king and his law were to be executed. It was on this day that the enemies of the Jews had supposed that they would gain power over them. But contrary to expectations, the … Continue reading Commentary on Esther 9-10


Commentary on Esther 8

Notes (NET Translation) 1 On that same day King Ahasuerus gave the estate of Haman, that adversary of the Jews, to Queen Esther. Now Mordecai had come before the king, for Esther had revealed how he was related to her. In ancient Persia, betrayal of the king meant not only loss of life, but loss … Continue reading Commentary on Esther 8

Commentary on Esther 7

Notes (NET Translation) 1 So the king and Haman came to dine with Queen Esther. The verb sata is translated "to dine" by the NET but literally means "to drink". 2 On the second day of the banquet of wine the king asked Esther, "What is your request, Queen Esther? It shall be granted to … Continue reading Commentary on Esther 7

Commentary on Esther 6

Notes (NET Translation) 1 Throughout that night the king was unable to sleep, so he asked for the book containing the historical records to be brought. As the records were being read in the king's presence, 2 it was found written that Mordecai had disclosed that Bigthana and Teresh, two of the king's eunuchs who … Continue reading Commentary on Esther 6

Commentary on Esther 5

Notes (NET Translation) 1 It so happened that on the third day Esther put on her royal attire and stood in the inner court of the palace, opposite the king's quarters. The king was sitting on his royal throne in the palace, opposite the entrance. The royal attire is intended to inspire the king's respect, … Continue reading Commentary on Esther 5

Commentary on Esther 4

Notes (NET Translation) 1 Now when Mordecai became aware of all that had been done, he tore his garments and put on sackcloth and ashes. He went out into the city, crying out in a loud and bitter voice. Mordecai's mourning is traditional (e.g., 2 Sam 1:11-12; Neh 9:1; Jon 3:6). Mordecai was making a … Continue reading Commentary on Esther 4

Commentary on Esther 3

Notes (NET Translation) 1 Some time later King Ahasuerus promoted Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, exalting him and setting his position above that of all the officials who were with him. Haman is an Agagite, a race unattested in the Persian Empire in non-biblical literature.1 It probably means that Haman was a descendant … Continue reading Commentary on Esther 3