Commentary on 1 John 5:1-5

Notes (NET Translation) 1 Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ has been fathered by God, and everyone who loves the father loves the child fathered by him. True belief in Jesus Christ is evidence of being a child of God. All Christians have been fathered by God and so it is right for … Continue reading Commentary on 1 John 5:1-5


Commentary on 1 John 4:7-21

Notes (NET Translation) 7 Dear friends, let us love one another, because love is from God, and everyone who loves has been fathered by God and knows God. Given the theme of the passage, it is appropriate that John addresses the readers as "beloved" (agapetoi; also in v. 11). "One another" refers to fellow Christians. … Continue reading Commentary on 1 John 4:7-21

Commentary on 1 John 4:1-6

Notes (NET Translation) 1 Dear friends, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to determine if they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world. The readers apparently knew of alleged prophets. John tells the readers not to uncritically believe every prophecy or spirit. It is not clear … Continue reading Commentary on 1 John 4:1-6

Commentary on 1 John 3:11-24

Notes (NET Translation) 11 For this is the gospel message that you have heard from the beginning: that we should love one another, 12 not like Cain who was of the evil one and brutally murdered his brother. And why did he murder him? Because his deeds were evil, but his brother's were righteous. The … Continue reading Commentary on 1 John 3:11-24

Commentary on 1 John 2:28-3:10

Notes (NET Translation) 2:28 And now, little children, remain in him, so that when he appears we may have confidence and not shrink away from him in shame when he comes back. Christ's return provides motivation to remain in him (i.e., be obedient to him). The word ean (if, when) does not mean John is … Continue reading Commentary on 1 John 2:28-3:10

Commentary on 1 John 2:18-27

Notes (NET Translation) 18 Children, it is the last hour, and just as you heard that the antichrist is coming, so now many antichrists have appeared. We know from this that it is the last hour. "Children" (paidia) addresses the whole community. The new age dawned with the coming of Christ (vv. 8, 17) but … Continue reading Commentary on 1 John 2:18-27

Commentary on 1 John 2:12-17

Notes (NET Translation) 12 I am writing to you, little children, that your sins have been forgiven because of his name. Verses 12-14 are addressed to "(little) children" (teknia in v. 12 and paidia in v. 14), "fathers" (pateres), and "young men" (neaniskoi). What are we to make of these terms? The author is probably … Continue reading Commentary on 1 John 2:12-17