Commentary on Deuteronomy 1:1-5

Notes (NET Translation) 1 This is what Moses said to the assembly of Israel in the Transjordanian wastelands, the arid country opposite Suph, between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Di Zahab. The main content of Deuteronomy is here defined as the words of Moses spoken to all Israel. The Isrealites are in the region … Continue reading Commentary on Deuteronomy 1:1-5

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Introduction to Deuteronomy

Title The fifth book of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) has a few different Hebrew titles. The popular name, Sefer Devarim, is short for (Sefer) ve-elleh ha-devarim, "The Book of 'These are the words'". The phrase "these are the words" are the opening words of the book in Hebrew (1:1). It was ancient custom to … Continue reading Introduction to Deuteronomy

Introduction to the Letters of John

Text Style Genre Setting and Purpose Relationship Between the Letters of John Relationship Between the Letters of John and the Gospel of John Relationship Between the Letters of John and Revelation Authorship Date Provenance Theology Canonicity Early External Attestation Commentary 1 John: 1:1-4; 1:5-2:2; 2:3-11; 2:12-17; 2:18-27; 2:28-3:10; 3:11-24; 4:1-6; 4:7-21; 5:1-5; 5:6-12; 5:13-21 2 … Continue reading Introduction to the Letters of John

Commentary on 3 John

Notes (NET Translation) 1 From the elder, to Gaius my dear brother, whom I love in truth. As in 2 John 1, the author introduces himself as the elder. I argued earlier that the author is the apostle John. He writes to a Christian named Gaius. Early Christians named Gaius are mentioned in Acts 19:29; … Continue reading Commentary on 3 John

Commentary on 2 John

Notes (NET Translation) 1 From the elder, to an elect lady and her children, whom I love in truth (and not I alone, but also all those who know the truth), The "elder" must have been known to the recipients and was probably the apostle John. The "elect lady and her children" are most likely … Continue reading Commentary on 2 John

Canonicity of the Letters of John

The canonicity of 1 John was never questioned (Muratorian Fragment, Origen, Eusebius, Old Latin, Syriac). Eusebius notes that 2-3 John were known and approved by many, but not all (H.E. 3.2.5). It is likely 2-3 John "were not widely circulated due to their private nature and brevity, and as a result they were not well … Continue reading Canonicity of the Letters of John

Theology of the Letters of John

Introduction In this post we will quickly summarize the theology of the Letters of John. God God is revealed as the Father of Jesus Christ (1 Jn 1:2-3; 2:13, 22-24; 4:14; 2 Jn 1:9). To love the Son is to love the Father (1Jn 5:1). God is said to be light (1 Jn 1:5) and … Continue reading Theology of the Letters of John