Commentary on Numbers 22:41-23:6

Notes (NET Translation) 22:41 Then on the next morning Balak took Balaam, and brought him up to Bamoth Baal. From there he saw the extent of the nation. Bamoth Baal means “the high places of Baal”. Balaam sees only a part of the nation of Israel. 23:1 Balaam said to Balak, “Build me seven altars…

Commentary on Numbers 22:36-40

Notes (NET Translation) 36 When Balak heard that Balaam was coming, he went out to meet him at a city of Moab which was on the border of the Arnon at the boundary of his territory. The “border” of the Arnon is the eastern end of the Arnon River. Balak’s personal involvement in the greeting…

Commentary on Numbers 22:22-35

Notes (NET Translation) 22 Then God’s anger was kindled because he went, and the angel of the LORD stood in the road to oppose him. Now he was riding on his donkey and his two servants were with him. In verse 20 God tells Balaam to go with Balak’s messengers and in verse 21 Balaam…

Balaam Inscriptions from Deir ʿAlla

In 1967, a Dutch expedition under the archaeologist H. Franken, after several seasons of excavations, discovered inscriptions on plaster at Tell Deir ʿAlla, a site located about eight kilometers east of the Jordan, not far from the northern bank of the Yabbok/Zerqa river, which flows into the Jordan. The discovery was made in a stratum…

Commentary on Numbers 22:1-21

Notes (NET Translation) 1 The Israelites traveled on and camped in the plains of Moab on the side of the Jordan River across from Jericho. The plains of Moab “are the flat and fertile strip of country (about 5-6 mi. wide) north and east of the Dead Sea.”1 2 Balak son of Zippor saw all…

Commentary on Revelation 2:12-17

Notes (NET Translation) 2:12 “To the angel of the church in Pergamum write the following: “This is the solemn pronouncement of the one who has the sharp double-edged sword: Christ identifies himself using the description from 1:16. The Roman proconsul in charge of the province resided in Pergamum. Its symbol of sovereignty over all aspects…

Commentary on 2 Peter 2

Notes (NET Translation) 2:1 But false prophets arose among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you. These false teachers will infiltrate your midst with destructive heresies, even to the point of denying the Master who bought them. As a result, they will bring swift destruction on themselves. Peter just finished speaking…