Canonicity of the Letters of John

The canonicity of 1 John was never questioned (Muratorian Fragment, Origen, Eusebius, Old Latin, Syriac). Eusebius notes that 2-3 John were known and approved by many, but not all (H.E. 3.2.5). It is likely 2-3 John "were not widely circulated due to their private nature and brevity, and as a result they were not well … Continue reading Canonicity of the Letters of John

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Theology of the Letters of John

Introduction In this post we will quickly summarize the theology of the Letters of John. God God is revealed as the Father of Jesus Christ (1 Jn 1:2-3; 2:13, 22-24; 4:14; 2 Jn 1:9). To love the Son is to love the Father (1Jn 5:1). God is said to be light (1 Jn 1:5) and … Continue reading Theology of the Letters of John

Provenance of the Letters of John

Nothing in the letters themselves indicate where the author or recipients were located. The relative scarcity of Old Testament references may suggest the audience was mostly Gentiles instead of Jews. This [3:12] is the only clear allusion to the OT in this epistle (Schnackenburg, 195). One might ask why this would be, especially in light … Continue reading Provenance of the Letters of John

Date of the Letters of John

If the Letters of John were composed after the Gospel of John then the date of composition of the Gospel of John provides the earliest possible date for the composition of the Letters of John. The Gospel of John is usually dated to about 90, but earlier dates are also argued for. If the Letters … Continue reading Date of the Letters of John

Authorship of the Letters of John

Introduction Tradition ascribes authorship of the Letters of John to the apostle John, son of Zebedee and brother of James. Tradition also credits him with writing the Gospel of John and Revelation. Internal Evidence Anonymous? Technically the letters of John are anonymous, meaning the author does not provide his personal name within the body of … Continue reading Authorship of the Letters of John

Relationship Between the Letters of John and Revelation

While not mentioned as frequently as the relationship between the Letters of John and the Gospel of John, it is important to inquire as to the relationship between the Letters of John and Revelation. Robert Yarbrough makes the following comments: The situation presupposed by Rev. 2:1-7 conceivably resonates with John's Letters in several ways. Jesus … Continue reading Relationship Between the Letters of John and Revelation

Relationship Between the Letters of John and the Gospel of John

Similarities Between the Gospel of John and the Letters of John There are numerous similarities between the Gospel of John and the Letters of John. These similarities are all the more remarkable because of the different genre of the Gospel and the Letters. A preference for the perfect tense. Language and themes of prologues overlap: … Continue reading Relationship Between the Letters of John and the Gospel of John