Commentary on Numbers 22:41-23:6

Notes (NET Translation) 22:41 Then on the next morning Balak took Balaam, and brought him up to Bamoth Baal. From there he saw the extent of the nation. Bamoth Baal means “the high places of Baal”. Balaam sees only a part of the nation of Israel. 23:1 Balaam said to Balak, “Build me seven altars…

Commentary on Numbers 22:36-40

Notes (NET Translation) 36 When Balak heard that Balaam was coming, he went out to meet him at a city of Moab which was on the border of the Arnon at the boundary of his territory. The “border” of the Arnon is the eastern end of the Arnon River. Balak’s personal involvement in the greeting…

Commentary on Numbers 22:22-35

Notes (NET Translation) 22 Then God’s anger was kindled because he went, and the angel of the LORD stood in the road to oppose him. Now he was riding on his donkey and his two servants were with him. In verse 20 God tells Balaam to go with Balak’s messengers and in verse 21 Balaam…

Balaam Inscriptions from Deir ĘżAlla

In 1967, a Dutch expedition under the archaeologist H. Franken, after several seasons of excavations, discovered inscriptions on plaster at Tell Deir ĘżAlla, a site located about eight kilometers east of the Jordan, not far from the northern bank of the Yabbok/Zerqa river, which flows into the Jordan. The discovery was made in a stratum…

Commentary on Numbers 22:1-21

Notes (NET Translation) 1 The Israelites traveled on and camped in the plains of Moab on the side of the Jordan River across from Jericho. The plains of Moab “are the flat and fertile strip of country (about 5-6 mi. wide) north and east of the Dead Sea.”1 2 Balak son of Zippor saw all…

Commentary on Numbers 21:21-35

Notes (NET Translation) 21 Then Israel sent messengers to King Sihon of the Amorites, saying, 22 “Let us pass through your land; we will not turn aside into the fields or into the vineyards, nor will we drink water from any well, but we will go along the King’s Highway until we pass your borders.”…

Commentary on Numbers 21:10-20

Notes (NET Translation) 10 The Israelites traveled on and camped in Oboth. Num 33:41-44 says intermediate stops were made at Zalmonah and Punon before reaching Oboth. 11 Then they traveled on from Oboth and camped at Iye Abarim, in the wilderness that is before Moab, on the eastern side. Baruch Levine believes the Zered Valley…