Commentary on Numbers 11:4-35

Notes (NET Translation) 4 Now the mixed multitude who were among them craved more desirable foods, and so the Israelites wept again and said, “If only we had meat to eat! 5 We remember the fish we used to eat freely in Egypt, the cucumbers, the melons, the leeks, the onions, and the garlic. 6…

Commentary on Numbers 11:1-3

Notes (NET Translation) This short section of three verses contains all of the essential elements of all the subsequent narratives describing Israel’s complaints: complaint (11:4–5; 12:1–2; 14:1–4; 17:6–7; 20:3–5; 21:5), divine punishment (11:33; 12:9–10; 14:20–37; 16:32; 17:11; 21:7), and immortalizing the incident by giving a name to the site (11:34; 20:13; 21:3; Exod. 15:23; 17:7).1…

Roman Libraries and Gospel Anonymity

George W. Houston’s Inside Roman Libraries: Book Collections and Their Management in Antiquity (Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2014) provides some information that may be relevant to the authorship of the Gospels. Scholars often claim the Gospels were originally anonymous and the names assigned to them (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John) were given…

Commentary on Numbers 10:11-36

Notes (NET Translation) 11 On the twentieth day of the second month, in the second year, the cloud was taken up from the tabernacle of the testimony. 12 So the Israelites set out on their journeys from the wilderness of Sinai; and the cloud settled in the wilderness of Paran. 13 This was the first…

Commentary on Numbers 10:1-10

Notes (NET Translation) 1 The LORD spoke to Moses: 2 “Make two trumpets of silver; you are to make them from a single hammered piece. You will use them for assembling the community and for directing the traveling of the camps. Although the commentators make some similar comments, it may be worthwhile to quote them…

Commentary on Numbers 9:15-24

Notes (NET Translation) 15 On the day that the tabernacle was set up, the cloud covered the tabernacle — the tent of the testimony — and from evening until morning there was a fiery appearance over the tabernacle. 16 This is the way it used to be continually: The cloud would cover it by day,…

Commentary on Numbers 9:1-14

Notes (NET Translation) 1 The LORD spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt: 2 “The Israelites are to observe the Passover at its appointed time. 3 In the fourteenth day of this month, at twilight, you…