Commentary on Numbers 21:1-3

Notes (NET Translation) 1 When the Canaanite king of Arad who lived in the Negev heard that Israel was approaching along the road to Atharim, he fought against Israel and took some of them prisoner. According to Jacob Milgrom, the Hebrew indicates this king was a ruler in the Negev, not necessarily the only ruler…

Commentary on Numbers 20:22-29

Notes (NET Translation) 22 So the entire company of Israelites traveled from Kadesh and came to Mount Hor. The Hebrew literally says, “Hor, the mountain”. Its location is unknown. 23 And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in Mount Hor, by the border of the land of Edom. He said: 24 “Aaron will be…

Commentary on Numbers 20:14-21

Notes (NET Translation) 14 Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom: “Thus says your brother Israel: ‘You know all the hardships we have experienced, 15 how our ancestors went down into Egypt, and we lived in Egypt a long time, and the Egyptians treated us and our ancestors badly. Verse 14 does…

Commentary on Numbers 20:1-13

Notes (NET Translation) 1 Then the entire community of Israel entered the wilderness of Zin in the first month, and the people stayed in Kadesh. Miriam died and was buried there. The Israelites are in the northeast Sinai. The year of Miriam’s death is not given. According to Num 33:36-38, the death of Aaron, which…

Commentary on Numbers 19

Notes (NET Translation) Death has featured in the preceding chapters (11-14, 16-17) and the older generation is destined to die in the wilderness, so, it is appropriate for this chapter to instruct the Israelites on how to become clean after contact with a corpse. The ceremonial process of water purification rites outlined for the priests…

Commentary on Numbers 18

Notes (NET Translation) 1 The LORD said to Aaron, “You and your sons and your tribe with you must bear the iniquity of the sanctuary, and you and your sons with you must bear the iniquity of your priesthood. Only in this chapter (see vv. 1, 8, 20) and in Leviticus 10:8–11 are instructions given…

Commentary on Numbers 17

Notes (NET Translation) 1 The LORD spoke to Moses: 2 “Speak to the Israelites, and receive from them a staff from each tribe, one from every tribal leader, twelve staffs; you must write each man’s name on his staff. Each staff symbolizes the entire tribe and its authority. These may be staffs of office (Gen…