Biblical scholar John Wenham considers himself an amateur concerning the synoptic problem. Nonetheless, he believed it worthwhile to write down his thoughts on the synoptic problem in Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke: A Fresh Assault on the Synoptic Problem.
He considers both internal and external evidence. The dating of the Synoptic Gospels plays a significant part in this evidence. He argues that all three Synoptic Gospels were written before AD 55.
As if this were not controversial enough, he takes a new approach to the synoptic problem. He denies literary dependence as the primary explanation of the similarities between the Synoptic Gospels, but does not argue for complete literary independence either.
Wenham is convinced by the work of other conservative scholars that the New Testament books were written by the traditional authors and that the early Christians did their best to tell the truth. Hence, he will not lightly dismiss the early Christian writings or subject them to hyper-criticism.
Following posts will include my summary and review of the book. Here is the table of contents:
- The Intractable Problem
- Building a Synoptic Theory: (1) The Relation of Luke to Mark
- Building a Synoptic Theory: (2) The Relation of Luke to Matthew
- Building a Synoptic Theory: (3) The Relation of Matthew to Mark
- Ancient Testimony to Matthew’s Gospel
- Ancient Testimony to Mark’s Gospel
- The Date of Peter’s Going to Rome
- Mark’s Gospel: Further Considerations
- Ancient Testimony to Luke’s Gospel
- How were the Gospels Written?
- Jesus-Tradition Oral and Written
- When were the Gospels Written?